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Full text of "Poland Russia and Great Britain 1941-1945"

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There was no mention of the Polish Government in this Soviet State-
ment. The appointment of the c Committee * in question had been
announced in the Polish language on the Moscow radio. It stated that
by a Decree dated July 21, 1944, and after nearly five years of war, the
 Polish National Council of Liberation ' (K.R.N., or Krajowa Rada
Narodowa, i.e.., the Polish Soviet), supposedly functioning in Warsaw,
had set up a c Polish Committee of National Liberation ' (P.K.W.N., or
Polski Komitet Wyzwolenia Narodowego) " as a provisional executive
authority to lead the nation's struggle for liberation,, to secure its inde-
pendence and the re-establishment of the Polish State."
Presided over by Boleslaw Bierut,* the c National Council of Liberation >
assumed supreme authority over the c Union of Polish Patriots 3 in the
U.S.S.R. The c National Council of Liberation ' directed the c Com-
mittee of Liberation 5 to establish its temporary headquarters on the
territory occupied by the Red Army> in the small town of Chelm in
Central Poland. The c Chelm Committee/ (termed the c Lublin Com-
mittee y after having been transferred to that town)., closely resembled an
analogical puppet inaugurated by the Bolsheviks in Bialystok in 1920 as
they advanced towards Warsaw.
The Chairman and Head of the Department of Foreign Affairs was
Edward Osubka, using the assumed name of Morawski. Osubka, an
unknown personality in the Polish political life, was identified by the
Underground as a former member of the Polish Socialist Party in some
* There is very little available information about this agent of the Comintern and
typical shadow figure, Bierut, He was practically unknown in Poland, where
apparently he had only paid short visits. During one such visit in 1932, Bierut
was arrested on the charge of espionage and subversive activities against the Polish
State. He was convicted and sentenced to seven years* imprisonment. As a
Soviet citizen he was exchanged in the following year for Poles who had been
imprisoned in the Soviet Union.
Bierut, supposedly of Polish birth, was employed in the Polish Department of the
Comintern from the time of the revolution and was in the Prague and Vienna
branch of this Department for many years. The mere fact of his existence proves
that he could not be considered as a Pole or rather as a Polish Communist, since
he bad survived the great purges, including Stalin's purge during which all
PoLsh Communists who sought refuge in Russia had been liquidated. Bierut
assumed a number of incognitos and his real identity was unknown. Apparently
Bierut is derived from the first syllables of two names under which he had been
sentenced, Bie-nkowski and Rut-kowski. This man reappeared on Polish territory
in September, 1939, accompanying the Red Army and acting as one of the agents
who denounced the Poles. He was largely instrumental in directing their deporta-
tion or execution. It seems Bierut penetrated into German-occupied Poland in
Decembers 1941, where he endeavoured to organise the nucleus of a pro-Soviet
organisation. Attended by Osubka-Morawski he appeared in Moscow in March
1944, after an unsuccessful venture. The two men, plus other Comintern
agents, now became representatives of a c Delegation * sent by the supposedly
existing * Home National Council' which was finally, together with the i Polish
Union of Patriots,' to emerge as the Polish Committee of National Liberation, i.e.>
the 4 Lublin Committee ".
The Soviet Press released no information about Bierut apart from alluding to the
seven years imprisonment imposed on him in Poland, as the result of his * anti-
Fascist activities.'